‘The Stratford Upon Avon & Midland Junction Railway’ (or S.M.J.) was a small independent railway company which ran a line across the empty, untouched centre of England. It visited the counties of Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Oxfordshire and a little of Buckinghamshire, only existing as the SMJ from 1909 to 1923. In 1923 the S.M.J.became a minor arm of the London Midland and Scottish (L.M.S.), then in 1948 'British Railways' 

Gone but not forgotten: "the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth"


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SMJ Forum

Kineton Station 1 Reply

The Leamington & Warwick Model Railway Society's N gauge model of Kineton Station will be on display for the very first time at our annual exhibition at Leamington College on 4th & 5th March. Although no scenery has been added yet, the…Continue

Started by Mark Reader. Last reply by Andy Thompson 2 hours ago.

SMJ Exhibition at Towcester Museum 4 Replies

I visited the Towcester museum on Sunday and just wanted to say how good I thought the exhibition was, the content was excellent and I particularly liked the model of Towcester Station.Well DoneContinue

Started by Mike Smith. Last reply by NIGEL Feb 17.

SMJR pictures on warwickshirerailways.com

I found this website the other day, I expect most of you are familiar with it, but I have put this link in in case like myself you were unaware of it. Some nice pictures of Stratford shed both in SMJ and LMS days plus Stratford Old Town and SMJ…Continue

Started by Dick Bodily Feb 9.

SMJ / LNW station arrangements at Blisworth 9 Replies

Adrian's recent photo of the SMJ platforms at Blisworth has started me thinking about the precise nature of the station arrangements there. I know that in the 1950's (when I were a lad ! ) the station building on the roadside opposite the Blisworth…Continue

Started by Barry Taylor. Last reply by Barry Taylor Jan 30.

Woodford Article

This is not strictly SMJ related but Rex Partridge informs me that there is an article about Woodford by an ex-footplateman, Ralph Radford, in this month's Steam World.  I haven't seen it yet. Apparently there is more of Ralph's article to follow in…Continue

Started by Dick Bodily Jan 22.

Would the GCR have gone via Towcester? 10 Replies

Looking through Mac Hawkins book on the GCR then and now, he mentions that the GCR were thinking of running a line connecting Brackley to Northampton and had provisionally made a mound ready for a platform to be later constructed but they dropped…Continue

Started by Gary. Last reply by NIGEL Jan 14.

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The Sad Demise of the Stratford Slip Coach Service

 

 

 

‘Through Carriage to London’ announced the proud notice at Stratford Old Town as the 7.45am train for Blisworth prepared to leave from the ‘Up’ platform sometime in the 1930s. Would be commuters were directed by station staff to a smartly maintained LNER ex-Great Central slip coach attached to the back of the train. It contrasted greatly with the two ancient now LMS owned coaches which formed the rest of the train. As the signal pulled off the train set off at a leisurely pace towards Byfield, stopping en route not only to pick up the occasional passenger but also milk churns bound for London via the Great Central route. At Byfield the slip coach would be met by a LNER loco probably an ex GCR N5 tank and whisked off around the curve to Woodford, along with the milk churns, where it would be quickly attached to the Mansfield-Marylebone express. Passengers in the slip coach would arrive at Marylebone at 10.48am after a 3hr 3mins journey. Not exactly express standard.

The return journey to Stratford would be more exciting and much quicker too by means of the crack 6.20pm Bradford express. The slip coach having been carefully checked over under cover at Marylebone, would be attached to the main train, with a further slip coach behind it which was destined for Brackley. This was to be slipped at Finmere and worked forward to Brackley tender first by a Woodford loco, often a B7 ‘Black Pig’. There was much competition for the perceived potential first class custom in ‘Lark Rise to Candleford’ country and the Finmere slip coach was in direct competition with GWR slips made at Bicester. Both slip coaches were protected at the rear by both white and red lamps and were manned by Marylebone based guards, while the main train guard would be a Leicester man. The loco at the head of the train was invariably one of Leicester’s famous ‘Jersey Lily’ Robinson C4 4-4-2s and, surprisingly for such an important train, not one of the new Gresley B17 ‘Footballer’ 4-6-0s that had taken over most of other principal GC line services. Its footplate crew would also have been Leicester men. The Woodford slip would be made around about the site of the closed south curve junction. On arriving at Woodford the coach would be attached to the 6.30pm Blisworth – Stratford train, which had made a detour from Byfield. Pity any passengers travelling from Morton Pinkney or stations further east who would have wasted nearly an hour on their journey to Stratford, being thus diverted so that the slip coach could be picked up! There followed a leisurely run to Stratford behind a MR Johnson 2F 0-6-0 arriving at 8.37pm, with a respectable overall journey time of 2hrs 17mins from Marylebone to Stratford.

This Stratford slip coach service had run since early Great Central days but was withdrawn at the start of the First World War and not reinstated until a few weeks before the 1923 Grouping, so it did run briefly during GCR/SMJR days but mainly during the LNER/LMS period. Nevertheless the SMJR Rulebook contained an appendix of no less than 9 pages of regulations concerning slip coaches even though no slipping ever took place on its metals!


Presumably this appendix was copied from the GCR rulebook. The only rules really relevant to SMJR staff were:- 1) the coach must be coupled to the train by an ordinary coupling until the train arrives at the last station before it is to be slipped ie. Marylebone, which meant it was always normally coupled while on the SMJR. 2) the special red and white slip lamps were to remain within the slip coach after slipping, but would be replaced by ordinary tail lamps for the remainder of the journey. 3) any problems or irregularities in working should be reported to the General Manager. 4) slip coaches even when not being slipped could not normally travel in trains other than those to which they were timetabled to run with.

On a fateful evening of 19th December 1935 the Stratford slip coach was full with Christmas shoppers. The train headed by C4 4-4-2 No.6086 consisted of 8 coaches including the two slips.  The Finmere slip went as planned, but calamity struck when the Stratford coach was slipped. Something went wrong with the valve on the main train’s brake pipe causing its brakes to automatically come on. The driver feeling the brakes come on assumed that the guard had applied them and that the slip had not been made. He had looked back for the slip coach guard’s hand signal to confirm that the slip had taken place or to see the white headlight carried at the front of the coasting slip coach, but his view had been obscured by smoke drifting back from the ’Jersey Lily’. It was his responsibility to make sure whether or not the slip had actually taken place and he had not done this. He decided to stop the train at Woodford in order for the slip coach (which had already been detached!) to be uncoupled. The smoke which had obscured his view also made it impossible for the slip coach guard to see that the main train was braking hard to make an unscheduled stop at Woodford. The inevitable happened near the Eydon Road bridge.  The slip ploughed into the back of the main train with enough force for its underframe to override that of the main train’s brake coach. Both guards were badly injured but mercifully survived as did the 9 passengers injured. The Ministry of Transport conducted tests on 2nd January 1936 to try to ascertain what went wrong. The inspecting officer concluded that the LNER brake pipe equipment was unsatisfactory and recommended that it should be replaced with GWR type equipment. The LNER had not wasted any time making its own inquiry the very day after the accident and decided to withdraw all its slip coaches permanently immediately. The Stratford through coach service continued as a normal working for a short while but was soon withdrawn altogether.

Amazingly the archaic, labour-intensive and potentially dangerous practice of slipping coaches continued elsewhere on the Western Region of British Railways until 1960! The Bicester slip was in fact the last to go. With many thanks to Alwyn Sparrow for supplying details of SMJR rules and regulations regarding slipping.

For further information on the Stratford and other GCR slip coaches read ‘The Great Central in LNER Days- 2’ by D Jackson & O Russell, to see video footage of the WR Bicester slip coach look at ‘Railway Roundabout DVD Collection (Duke).

A Jersey Lily Atlantic similar to the one on the fateful Bradford express shown in GC Days. This one was one of the compound versions of the class.

Dick Bodily


 

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